Mothers' Adverse Childhood Experiences, Depressive Symptoms, Parenting, And Attachment As Predictors Of Young Children's Problems
Khan, Maria.;Renk, Kimberly.
Given that young children of mothers with adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) exhibit increased risk for maladaptive outcomes (including being maltreated by their caregivers), this study investigated a comprehensive model for predicting children’s emotional and behavioral problems in the context of mothers’ ACEs. A community sample of 146 mothers with children aged one and onehalf to five years provided ratings of their ACEs, depressive symptoms, parenting characteristics, mother–young child attachment, and young children’s internalizing and externalizing problems. Mothers’ ACEs and depressive symptoms predicted uniquely young children’s internalizing problems. In contrast, mothers’ ACEs, depressive symptoms, and punitive parenting behaviors predicted uniquely young children’s externalizing problems. These results suggested the importance of trauma-informed interventions for high-risk mothers who may be involved with child welfare systems and for their young children who are likely to exhibit emotional and behavioral problems as child custody decisions are made. (Author Abstract)